Using mHealth to Support Health Coaching for Patients with Hypertension
TimeThursday, April 152:49pm - 2:50pm EDT
DescriptionUsing mHealth to Support Health Coaching for Patients with Hypertension
Hypertension is a chronic disease that affects people of all ages worldwide. Sedentary lifestyle and unhealthy diet are major contributors to hypertension. Adoption of healthy behaviors can engage patients in their treatment and promote self-management. Mobile Health (mHealth) is the use of mobile computing and communication technologies in healthcare and can facilitate data collection and enable self-management of chronic conditions such as hypertension. mHealth shows promise in supporting health coaching; a patient-centered process based upon behavior change theory which includes goal-setting, education, encouragement, and feedback on health-related behaviors. However, the impact of mHealth coaching on self-management outcomes including changes in beliefs about intervention, quality of life, clinical outcomes, and actual engagement with intervention is not well understood.
The HyperCoach app was developed by researchers at Texas A&M University as a mHealth coaching app to assist hypertension patients with the self-management of their disease. We partnered with the American Heart Association (AHA) to design a 30-day hypertension plan.
The plan pushes coaching (feedback, education, and assessment) content via a mobile app over 30 days. An at-home pilot study was designed to assess the effects of varying levels of coaching enabled by a mobile platform and the 30-day plan on health outcomes, compliance rates, and quality of life.
This in-progress study is recruiting 36 hypertension patients who will be provided with Bluetooth enabled blood pressure (BP) and body weight scales that communicate via Bluetooth with a custom-designed Hypertension monitoring app (HyperCoach). The HyperCoach app enables automatic collection of BP and weight readings. It provides coaching information in the form of data visualization these measurements in daily and trend chart form. During the first 30 days of the study, the participants are provided with a limited version of the app that only reminds them to take BP and weight measurements and shows them their daily values and trends. During the second 30 days of the study, participants are provided with the full coaching version of the app. In addition to daily reminders to record BP and body weight measurements, participants are provided with a daily task to either watch an educational video, read an educational pamphlet, or to take a quiz/assessment from the AHA 30-day hypertension plan.
This poster will outline our mHealth coaching study, an overview of the HyperCoach app, an outline of the testing plan, and preliminary results from the study.